Definitions

At the beginning of June 2015 a majority voted (over 80% of club members) in favour of the use of WPF definitions where applicable during internal club competitions.

There use and guidance/rules will be issued in advance of any competition at club meetings, you will also find a copy below.

 

Wildlife

 

PSA Definitions

 

Nature Photography : is restricted to the use of the photographic process to depict observations from all branches of natural history, except anthropology and archaeology, in such a fashion that a well informed person will be able to identify the subject material and to certify as to its honest presentation.

The story telling value of a photograph must be weighed more than the pictorial quality. Human elements shall not be present, except on the rare occasion where those human elements enhance the nature story. The presence of scientific bands on wild animals is acceptable. Photographs of artificially produced hybrid plants or animals, mounted specimens, or obviously set arrangements, are ineligible, as is any form of manipulation that alters the truth of the photographic statement.

No elements may be moved, cloned, added, deleted, rearranged or combined. No manipulation or modification is permitted except resizing, cropping, selective lightening or darkening, and restoration of original colour of the scene. No special effect filters can be applied. Any sharpening must appear natural.


Authentic Wildlife: In addition to the above. Authentic, living free and unrestrained in a natural or adopted habitat. Therefore, photographs of zoo or game farm animals are not eligible.


Creative photography: may be defined as altered reality.


Social documentary: is defined as an apposite comment on everyday social life or the environment.


Photo travel: A photo travel image must express the feeling of time and place, portray a land, its people, or a culture in its natural state and has no geographical limitations. Ultra close ups which lose their identity, studio type model shots, or photographic manipulations that misrepresent the true situation or alter the content of the image are unacceptable. No elements may be moved, cloned, added, deleted, rearranged or combined. No manipulation or modification is permitted except resizing, cropping, selective lightening or darkening, and restoration of original colour of the scene. No special effect filters can be applied. Any sharpening must appear natural.

FIAP Definitions for Nature and Monochrome

Nature Photography

Nature photography depicts living, untamed animals and uncultivated plants in a natural habitat, geology and the wide diversity of natural phenomena, from insects to icebergs. Photographs of animals which are domesticated, caged or under any form of restraint, as well as photographs of cultivated plants are ineligible. Minimal evidence of humans is acceptable for nature subjects, such as barn owls or storks, adapting to an environment modified by humans, or natural forces, like hurricanes or tidal waves, reclaiming it. The original image must have been taken by the photographer, whatever photographic medium is used. Any manipulation or modification to the original image is limited to minor retouching of blemishes and must not alter the content of the original scene. After satisfying the above requirements, every effort should be made to use the highest level of artistic skill in all nature photographs.


Monochrome

A black and white image fitting from the very dark grey (black) to the very clear grey (white) is a monochrome work with the various shades of grey.

A black and white work toned entirely in a single colour will remain a monochrome work able to stand in the black and white category; such a work can be reproduced in black and white in the catalogue of a salon under FIAP Patronage.

On the other hand a black and white work modified by a partial toning or by the addition of one colour becomes a colour work (polychrome) to stand in the colour category: such a work requires colour reproduction in the catalogue of a salon under FIAP Patronage


Still Life/Table Top
The ‘arrangement’ is to be set indoors; the composition and lighting to be under the control of the
photographer.